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Drugs of Abuse chart info
Last Updated: 12/08/2017

DEA Drug Information

You hear about drugs on TV and in the movies, on the radio, in books and magazines, on the Internet, and in daily conversation with friends and peers. Some of the information is accurate, but a lot of it is not.

Here are a few realities to consider:

  • You can’t predict the effect that a drug can have on you—especially if it’s the first time you try it, and even if it’s a small amount or dose. Everyone's brain and body chemistry are different. Everyone's tolerance for drugs is different.
  • Using drugs can lead to abuse, addiction, serious health problems, and even death.
  • Drugs that are legal—prescription and over-the counter (OTC) medications—can be just as dangerous as illegal drugs.

Find out as much as you can about illegal and legal drugs and their effects on your body and brain. The more informed you are, the more confidently you can make the right decision about drugs.

Amphetamines Inhalants PCP
Barbiturates K2 Peyote and Mescaline
Bath Salts Ketamine Psilocybin
Benzodiazepines Khat Rohypnol
Cannabis Kratom Salvia Divinorum
Cocaine LSD Steroids (anabolic)
Depressants Marijuana Stimulants
Dextromethorphan (DXM) Methadone
Ecstacy Methamphetamine
GHB Morphine
Hallucinogens Narcotics
Heroin Opium
Hydrocodone Oxycodone
Common Drugs of Abuse Detection Time Periods
There are many common drugs of abuse. A common drug of abuse is any drug that is used by a large percentage of the population. The most commonly used drugs of abuse today are THC (Marijuana), Methamphetamine, Cocaine, Opiates, PCP (Phencylidine), Methadone, MDMA (Methylenedioxymethamphetamine), Amphetamines, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, TCA (Tricyclic) and even Nicotine. Our chart below represents most common drugs of abuse.
Drugs of Abuse Information includes synonyms, street names, trade names for prescription drugs, therapeutic drugs class, drug description, and drug/metabolite information. Specific drugs are discussed:

Amphetamines: Amphetamine.
-Description: Amphetamines are a central nervous system stimulant and appetite suppressant.
-Form: pills, powder
-Effects/Use: euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, and a sense of increased energy
-Trade Names: Obetrol, Dexedrine
-Street Names: Speed, Amp, Bennie, Chalk
-Detection Times: Up to 3 days

Barbiturates: Seconal, Tuinal, Phenobarbital, and others.
-Description: Barbiturates are a central nervous system depressant.
-Form: pills, powder (crushed pills)
-Effects/Use: sedation, hypnosis, anesthetics, anticonvulsants
-Trade Names: amytal (Amobarbital), methohexital (Brevital), pentobarbital (Nembutal), secobarbital (Seconal), phenobarbital (Luminal), thiamyl (Surital), thiopental (Pentothal)
-Street Names: Barbs. Reds, Downers, Yellow Jackets, Red Devils
-Detection Times: Up to 3 weeks depending on type

Benzodiazepines: Xanax, Valium, Rohypnol, and others.
-Description: Prescription pills therapeutically to produce sedation, induce sleep, relieve anxiety.
-Form: pills
-Effects/Use: sedation
-Trade Names: estazolam (ProSom), flurazepam (Dalmane), temazepam (Restoril), triazolam (Halcion), midazolam (Versed), alprazolam (Xanax), diazepam (Valium), Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol Ruffies)
-Street Names: Downs, Tranks
-Detection Times: Up to 6 weeks for chronic usage

Club Drugs: Designer Drugs: MDMA (Ecstasy), MDA. Hallucinogens: LSD, Ketamine, Peyote, Mescaline, Mushrooms. Depressants: GHB.

Cocaine: Coc, Crack Cocaine.
-Description: Cocaine is a potent central nervous system stimulant and a local anesthetic.
-Form: powder (for snorting or injecting), rocks (crack for smoking)
-Effects/Use: increased energy, paranoia, aggression
-Trade Names: Cocaine
-Street Names: Coke, blow, snow, toot, rock
-Detection Times: Up to 4 days

Marijuana: Hashish, Hashish Oil, Dronabinol (Marinol).
-Description: A hallucinogen, which when smoked or ingested, provides euphoric feelings for the user.
-Form: dried flowers (marijuana), oily substance (hashish)
-Effects/Use: euphoria, paranoia, increased appetite, short-term memory loss, lack of coordination
-Trade Names: THC, Cannabis Sativa
-Street Names: Pot, Ganja, Weed, Mary Jane, Smoke, Grass, Reefer
-Detection Times: Up to 30 days

MDMA: Ecstasy (Methylenedioxymethamphetamine).
-Description: MDMA is the main ingredient in the club drug Ecstasy
-Form: pills
-Effects/Use: increased heart rate and blood pressure, euphoria, hallucinations
-Trade Names: MDMA
-Street Names: Ecstasy, X, E, Rolls, Love Drug
-Detection Times: Up to 6 days

Methadone: Methadone.
-Description: A narcotic pain reliever for medium to severe pain. Methadone is mainly used as a substitute for heroine or other abused opiates in drug treatment programs.
-Form: pill, powder, liquid
-Effects/Use: euphoria, drowsiness
-Trade Names: Dolophine, Methadone
-Street Names:Meth, Dollies
-Detection Times: Up to 3 days

Methamphetamines: Methamphetamine.
-Description: Methamphetamines are closely related chemically to amphetamines, but the central nervous system effects of Methamphetamines are greater.
-Form: pills, powder, crystals
-Effects/Use: euphoria, alertness, reduced appetite, increased energy, anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations, psychotic behavior
-Trade Names: Desoxyn
-Street Names: Crank, Ice, Glass, Crystal
-Detection Times: Up to 5 days

Opiates: Opium, Morphine, Codeine,Heroin, Hydromorphone, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone.
-Description: A central nervous system depressant which is derived from the opium poppy, including the natural products, morphine and codeine, and the semi-synthetic drugs such as heroin.
-Form: pills, powder
-Effects/Use: euphoria, drowsiness
-Trade Names: Codeine, Morphine, Hydrocodone, Oxycodone, Vicodin, vicodone
-Street Names: H, Smack, Junk, Percs
-Detection Times: Up to 3 days

PCP: Phencyclidine.
-Description: A hallucinogen that was first marketed as a surgical anesthetic in the 1950's, PCP was later removed from the market because of safer alternatives.
-Form: pills, powder
-Effects/Use: mood swings from euphoria to depression, hallucinations
-Trade Names: Phencyclidine
-Street Names: Angel Dust, Hog
-Detection Times: Up to 14 days

TCA: Tricyclic.
-Description: Antidepressants, commonly used for the treatment of depressive disorders.
-Form: pills, powder
-Effects/Use: See description
-Trade Names: Elavil, Aventyl, Tofranil, Norpramin, Sinequan
-Street Names: None
-Detection Times: Up to 10 days

Approximate values for detection periods
Substance Urine Hair Blood / Oral Fluid
Alcohol 6–24 hours [3] up to 2 days 12–24 hours
Amphetamines (except methamphetamine) 1 to 5 days [4] up to 90 days 12 hours
Methamphetamine 3 to 15 days [5] up to 90 days 1–3 days [5]
MDMA (Ecstasy) 24 hours up to 90 days 25 hours
Barbiturates (except phenobarbital) 1 day up to 90 days 1 to 2 days
Phenobarbital 2 to 3 weeks [6] up to 90 days 4 to 7 days
Benzodiazepines Therapeutic use: up to 7 days. Chronic use (over one year): 4 to 6 weeks up to 90 days 6 to 48 hours
Cannabis 3 to 7 days, up to >30 days after heavy use and/or in users with high body fat [7] up to 90 days [7] 2–3 days in blood, up to 2 weeks in blood of heavy users [7] However, it depends on whether actual THC or THC metabolites are being tested for, the latter having a much longer detection time than the former. THC (marijuana) may only be detectable in saliva/oral fluid for 2–6 hours in most cases.
Cocaine 2 to 5 days with exceptions for certain kidney disorders up to 90 days 2 to 5 days
Codeine 2 to 3 days
Cotinine (a break-down product of nicotine) 2 to 4 days up to 90 days 2 to 4 days
Morphine 2 to 4 days up to 90 days 1 – 3 days
Heroin 3 to 4 days [8] up to 90 days 1– 2 days
LSD 24 to 72 hours (however tests for LSD are very uncommon) up to 3 days [citation needed] 0 to 3 hours
Methadone 3 days up to 97 days 24 hours
PCP 3 to 7 days for single use; up to 30 days in chronic users [9] up to 90 days 1 to 3 days [9]

Attachments:   09/20/2007: DC111_Instr_RAPID.pdf
09/20/2007: DOA Detection Times Types.doc
12/21/2010: DC111_Instr_RAPID.pdf

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